The Freud Museum


11 January 2018 - 29 March 2018
Thursdays 6.30-8.30pm

Psychoanalysis After Freud

12 Week Evening Course

Tutor: Keith Barrett BA PhD

Psychoanalysis was initiated by Freud, then transformed by a series of powerful creative figures who both extended and deepened its range, opening new intellectual horizons as they applied its methods to new problems and new fields. We will focus on four leading innovators, carefully examining their criticisms of Freud and the manner in which they modified his theories and therapeutic practice. In this way, the course will give an overview of the development of psychoanalysis across its first century and into the beginning of its second. While intended to be accessible to beginners, it will also stimulate those who already have some knowledge of the field.

(The course is self-contained – as is ‘Introducing Freud at the Freud Museum’ which precedes it in the autumn term. The two courses can be taken in either order, or as ‘stand alone’ modules, but complete beginners wanting a thorough introduction to psychoanalysis should take ‘Introducing Freud’ first, then follow on with the present course.)

Week 1: Jung (1): Introduction to the course: The nature and status of psychoanalysis. The conflict between Freud and Jung over the foundations of psychoanalysis. Freud’s ‘Totem and Taboo’ versus Jung’s ‘Symbols of Transformation’.

Week 2: Jung (2): Freud’s relation to Schopenhauer and Jung’s relation to Nietzsche, and how this leads to Jung’s theory of ‘individuation’ and the self, versus Freud’s conception of the ego and the ‘personal’ unconscious. Jung’s ‘Personality Types’ and the requirement of the ‘training analysis’ for all analysts.

Week 3: Jung (3): Jung’s view of development across the life-cycle: his interpretation of Dante’s ‘Divine Comedy’. The function of religion, and of art, according to Jung and Freud. Relationships and sexuality in the Jungian perspective.

Week 4: Klein (1): Klein’s approach to the psychoanalysis of children versus the approach of Anna Freud. The beginnings of the Kleinian revolution in psychoanalysis: the world of the infant within the child. The challenge to the Freudian conception of the Oedipus complex.

Week 5: Klein (2): Klein’s interpretation of Freud’s ‘Eros’ and ‘Thanatos’, and her view of how these conflicting forces play themselves out in the inner world of the very young child. The ‘Paranoid-Schizoid position’ and the ‘Depressive position’. Klein’s ‘Envy and Gratitude’. Klein and Bion.

Week 6: Klein (3): Klein’s view of sexuality and gender, and her critique of Freud’s view of the difference between the sexes. ‘Penis envy’ and ‘Womb envy’: a ‘mother centred’ psychoanalysis, as opposed to the ‘father centred’ psychoanalysis of Freud. Karen Horney’s critique of Freud. The Kleinian view of art and of society.

Week 7: Winnicott (1): Winnicott’s critique of Klein: the crucial importance of the early environment in the development of the infant. ‘Primary maternal preoccupation’, ‘Holding’, ‘Handling’ and ‘Personalization’ in early development. The ‘true self’, the ‘false self’, and ‘going on being’.

Week 8: Winnicott (2): Winnicott’s concept of the ‘Transitional Object’: transitional phenomena and the ‘intermediate area of experience’. Winncott’s understanding of art, culture and religion. Play and the nature of psychotherapy. Winnicott, Bion and Beckett.

Week 9: Winnicott (3): A Winnicottian view of the difference between the sexes. Gender and science; science versus art; the two cultures and their relation to sexuality. The nature of psychoanalysis, and psychotherapy, and their relation to science and to art.

Week 10: Lacan (1): The Lacanian revolution: the function of speech and language in psychoanalysis, and the fateful significance of the ‘mirror stage’. How the unconscious is ‘structured like a language’.

Week 11: Lacan (2): Lacan’s three ‘orders’: the imaginary, symbolic and real. The primacy of the symbolic: psychoanalysis as the study of our relationship to language. The Lacanian understanding of neurosis and psychosis.

Week 12: Lacan (3): ‘The meaning of the phallus’: Lacan’s view of sexuality and gender. A return to a ‘father centred’ psychoanalysis? Irigaray’s critique of Freud and Lacan. Jacqueline Rose on Lacan and Klein. Lacan on Love.



Jung, C.G. ‘Jung contra Freud: The 1912 New York Lectures on the Theory of
Psychoanalysis’ (Princeton U.P. 2012)

Huskinson, L. ‘Nietzsche and Jung: the whole self in the union of opposites’
(Brunner-Routledge 2004)

Shamdasani, S ‘C.G. Jung and the making of modern psychology’
(Cambridge UP 2003)

Sherry, J. ‘Carl Gustav Jung: Avant-Garde Conservative’
(Palgrave Macmillan 2010)


Klein, M. ‘The selected Melanie Klein (edited by Juliet Mitchell)’ (Penguin 1988)

Likierman, M. ‘Melanie Klein: her work in context’ (Continuum 2001)

Rustin, M. ‘The good society and the inner world: psychoanalysis, politics and
culture’ (Verso 1991)

Mills, J. (Ed) ‘Other Banalities: Melanie Klein Revisited’ (Routledge 2006)


Winnicott, D.W. ‘Playing and reality’ (Routledge 2005)

Phillips, A. ‘Winnicott’ (Penguin 2007)

Davis, M. ‘Boundary and Space: An introduction to the work of D.W. Winnicott’
(Karnac 1990)

Kirshner, L.A. (Ed) ‘Between Winnicott and Lacan: critical engagement’
(Routledge 2011)


Bailly, L ‘Lacan’ (Oneworld 2009)

Leader, D. ‘What is Madness?’ (Hamilton 2011)

Grosz, E.A. ‘Jacques Lacan: a feminist introduction’ (Routledge 1990)

Nobus, D. ‘Jacques Lacan and the Freudian Practice of Psychoanalysis’ (Routledge 2000)


Minsky, R. ‘Psychoanalysis and Gender: an introductory reader’
(Routledge 1996)

Frosh, S. ‘A brief introduction to psychoanalytic theory’ (Palgrave Macmillan

Zaretsky, E. ‘Secrets of the Soul: A Social and Cultural History of
Psychoanalysis’ (Alfred Knopf 2004)

Frie, R. (ed) ‘Understanding experience: psychotherapy and post-modernism’
(Routledge 2003)

Elliott & Frosh (eds) ‘Psychoanalysis in contexts: paths between theory and modern
culture’ (Routledge 1995)

Sayers, J. ‘Mothering psychoanalysis’ (Penguin 1991)

Dryden, W ‘Dryden’s handbook of individual therapy’ (Sage 2007)

Gomez, L. ‘An introduction to object relations’ (Free Association Books 1997)

Hughes, J.M. ‘Reshaping the psychoanalytic domain: the work of Melanie Klein, W.R.D.
Fairbairn and D.W. Winnicott’ (U of California Press 1989)

Rosen-Carole, A. ‘Lacan and Klein, Creation and Discovery: an Essay of Reintroduction’
(Rowman & Littlefield 2011)

Mawson, C. (Ed) ‘Bion Today’ (Routledge 2011)

Ross, C. ‘Beckett’s art of absence: re-thinking the void’ (Palgrave Macmillan 2010)

This website uses cookies to ensure we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue, we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies on this website. Find out more about our cookie policy.